-Promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on January 19, 2005 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0940002499
-Promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on June 29, 2007 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0960130523-Amended Article 32 by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on June 29, 2007 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0960130523.
-Amended on Feburary 26th,2009
-Amendment to Article 48-1 and 50 promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on February 26, 2009 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0980130139
-Amendment to Article 34 promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on November24th, 2009 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0980130862
-Amendment to Article 37 and 38 promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on August23th, 2010 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 0990131327
-Amended to Article 12 promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on March 13th, 2012 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No.1010130623
-Amended to Article 3and 39 promulgated by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan on May 7th, 2012 by the Order of Lao-Dong-4-Tze- No. 1010131248
The amended Article 34 was promulgated on November 29, 2012 by the Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan under Order No. Lao-Dung-4-Tze No.1010133058.
The implementation rules are promulgated in accordance with Article 57 of the Labor Pension Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Act").
Employers applying for contributing to worker retirement pensions in accordance with Paragraph 1 of Article 6 of the Act are required to complete the Application for Labor Pension Contributions (hereafter referred to as the "Application") and the Labor Pension Contributions Report (hereafter referred to as the "Report") and shall submit each to the Bureau of Labor Insurance (hereafter referred to as the "Bureau").
Those that are already participating in labor insurance or employment insurance are waived from completing the Application, and a serial number will be issued by the Bureau.
Employers applying for contributing to worker retirement pensions in accordance with Article 6, Item 1 of the Act, with the exceptions of government bodies, public educational institutions and except the employer is using on-line declaration system provided by government agencies (institutions) to declare, must also submit a copy of their national identification card. Responsible persons must submit a copy of their national identification card and copies of the following documents:
- Factory: related identification documents regarding factory registration.
- Coal Mine: Record of mine registration, licenses for coal mining or exploration.
- Salt fields, farms, grazing sites, logging sites and tea fields: record of registration.
- Transportation industries: cargo transportation permit or related identification documents.
- Public works industries: operation license or related identification documents.
- Companies, shops or stores: company registration records or commercial license.
- Private educational institutions, news media outlets, cultural enterprises, public interest organizations, cooperative enterprises, fisheries, vocational training centers and civic organizations of all kinds: establishment or registration records.
- All other firms: permits or documentation provided by industry supervisory bodies.
Those who cannot obtain the required documentations for the items in the preceding paragraph shall alternatively submit tax deduction records or use generalized and standardized receipts in applying.
For responsible persons submitting copies of national identification cards in accordance with Paragraph 1 of this Article, non-citizens may submit copies of their residence permits or passports as an alternative.
Should any changes occur in the following, the employer must apply to the Bureau within thirty days:
- Changes in the name, registered address or contact address of the firm.
- Change of responsible persons.
Should the necessary changes fail to be made in accordance with the previous paragraph, the Bureau shall directly make the necessary changes in accordance to the insuring unit of the labor insurance or employment insurance.
Chapter Two Application and Continuation of the System
The employer who consult and inquire their worker in writing in accordance to Article 9, Paragraph 1 of the Act, must obtain the employee's personal signature. Two copies of the written inquiry will be made, with the employer and employee receiving one copy each.
The employer shall fill in the results of the inquiry with the choice of the labor pension scheme which is to be submitted along with the report to the Bureau, and retaining a copy for future reference.
Laborers selecting pension schemes in accordance to Article 9, Paragraph 1 of the Act, in addition to declaring to employers in writing as stipulated in Paragraph 1, must also declare in writing to the Bureau. Should the written choice submitted by the employer differ from that of the laborer's, the latter version shall be taken.
Laborers who choose the labor pension scheme of this Act in accordance to Article 9 Paragraph 2 must declare in writing and provide a personal signature.
Business entities that have not received permission to implement annuity insurance shall contribute into employees' individual pension account in accordance with Paragraph 1 of Article 6 of the Act.
For business entities inquiring employees' choices of annuity insurance in accordance with Paragraph 1, Article 35 of the Act, should its employees choose not to participate in annuity insurance, aside from selecting to adopt the pension mechanism provided for by the Labor Standards Act, the employer shall also contribute to employees' individual pension accounts.
Upon implementation of the Act, workers who are notified by the central competent authority that are subject to the Labor Standards Act shall adopt the pension mechanism provided for by this Act, with the employers contributing to individual pension accounts and reporting to the Bureau of Labor Insurance within 15 days after the Act has come into force. However, those participating in annuity insurance as described in Article 35 of the Act shall not be subject to this deadline.
Assessments of prior seniority, level of pension payment and severance payments of workers who adopt the pension mechanism of the Act as mentioned in the previous paragraph shall be made in accordance with the stipulations of Paragraph 2, Article 84 of the Labor Standards Act.
For a worker who is hired by and concurrently works for two or more employers, his or her employers must each contribute into unique individual pension accounts belonging to the same worker.
For workers who are injured in work-related disasters and as a result cannot work, the employer must in this time period provide the original wage in accordance with Paragraph 2 of Article 59 of the Labor Standards Act in pursuant to the Monthly Contribution Wages Classification of Labor Pension, and continue to contribute on a monthly basis to injured workers' individual pension accounts.
In the event that the business entity is re-organized in the manner described in Article 20 of the Labor Standards Act or is to spin-off or merge as described by the Enterprise Mergers and Acquisitions Act and the Financial Institution Mergers Act, the remaining employees choice of pension mechanism and retention of annual wages as regulated by Paragraph(s) 1 and 2 of Article 9, Paragraph 1 of Article 11 or Paragraph 1 of Article 35 of this Act shall be administered by the business entity that remains from the merger, reconstitution or takeover.
Workers shall transfer the agreed payment for cashing out in accordance with Paragraph 2 of Article 13 of this Act to individual account with the Bureau of Labor Insurance or to the annuity insurance program arranged in accordance with the Act ; those who fail to meet the requirements stipulated by Article 24 of this Act are not entitled to payment.
Workers who intend to transfer the entire sum of the above-mentioned payment into their individual pension account shall base their calculation of seniority on the method pursuant to Article 24 of this Act. The Bureau of Labor Insurance or insurers shall be notified of this transfer.
Before the implementation of the annuity insurance program stipulated in Article 25 of the Act, workers having a combined seniority of 15 years or above according to the preceding paragraph shall be entitled to the monthly pension payment based on the full amount of the accumulated balance in his/her individual pension account, as prescribed in Article 23 of the Act.
Those workers who select the pension mechanism provided for by this Act and are employed by a business entity that implements an annuity insurance plan must change their original pension scheme and switch to either individual pension accounts or participate in annuity insurance.
Changes of the above-mentioned items are restricted to one change per year. Employers who decide to switch must provided written notifications to the Bureau of Labor Insurance within 15 days of making the switch.
For those workers who have previously chosen to contribute to individual pension accounts at their former job, but have since left and then re-entered the work force and wish to switch to annuity insurance at their current job in accordance with Paragraph 1 of Article 35 of the Act, they may either choose to retain their individual pension accounts or opt for a one-time transfer of the pension accounts' principal and accrued interest to the annuity insurance plan.
For those workers who have previously chosen to participate in an annuity insurance plan at their previous job, but have since left and reentered the work force and wish to switch to individual pension accounts at their current job can either retain their annuity insurance or opt for a one-time transfer of their preparatory fund for value of insurance certificate to their individual pension accounts.
For those workers who have transferred the principals and profits in their individual pension special account in accordance with Paragraph 1 , the duration of their pension fund that have already been prepared and allocated shall not be less than two years; for those workers who have transferred the preparatory fund for the value of insurance certificates of the annuality insurance, the duration of the pension premiums that have already been prepared and allocated shall not be less than four years.
Switches made in accordance with Paragraph 1 and Paragraph 2 of this Article must be processed by the Bureau of Labor insurance within 30 days upon receipt of the application.
Chapter Three Allocation Payment, Application, and Receipt of the Individual Pension Account
Pension fund account contributions made in accordance with Paragraphs 1 and 3 of Article 14 of this Act shall be determined and reported by the employer to the Bureau of Labor Insurance based upon workers' monthly wage earnings as stipulated by the Monthly Contribution Wages Classification of Labor Pension.
For workers that have no stable monthly wages the rate will be determined using the average of three most recent monthly wages.
* In reporting and applying to contribute to the individual pension fund accounts of newly hired workers, if final wages are not yet determined, it maybe temporarily substituted with the monthly wage that corresponds to the level of work as specified by the Monthly Contribution Wages Classification of Labor Pension.
*Insured persons who concurrently participate in labor insurance or national health insurance , besides those whose total monthly wages are lower than the Classification of Labor Insurance Insured Wage, the sum of monthly wage payments may not be lower than the labor insurance insured wage or the premium of the national health insurance.
Employers making monthly pension contribution payments in accordance with Paragraph 1 of Article 14 of the Act must pay at the same rate every month, with the exception of reporting a different rate for different workers to the Bureau of Labor Insurance.
Employers who wish to apply for initiation or termination of contributions to labor pension funds must complete an application that is to be submitted to the Bureau of Labor Insurance.
For those who do not complete the preceding steps of the application, the Bureau of Labor Insurance shall either begin or terminate collection of labor pension funds, temporarily using the starting and ending dates of effectiveness on the labor insurance, employment insurance or withdrawal of insurance or employment insurance and set the monthly rate according to the labor insurance premium rate or national health insurance from the counting of labor pension.
In the event that the relevant documentation submitted for application of labor pension fund payment by the employer is incomplete or erroneous, the employer must make the necessary corrections within ten days upon receipt of notice from the Bureau of Labor Insurance.
In the event that a worker's name, birth-date or national identification serial number has been altered or incorrectly registered, the employer must complete the application to change worker records and submit a copy of his/her own national identification card or equivalent personal identification documents to the Bureau of Labor Insurance in order to make the necessary changes.
If the procedures outlined in the preceding paragraph are not followed , the Bureau of Labor Insurance will make the necessary changes based on insured persons' labor insurance or employment insurance records.
Employers who are actually performing labor work or domestic workers who are not subject to the Labor Standards Act or commissioned managers may voluntarily make contributions and claim for pension in accordance with Paragraph 2 of Article 7 of this Act provided the rate of contribution may not exceed 6 percent of the monthly wage.
The employers mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be processed in tandem with their hired employees.
Workers mentioned in Paragraph 1 and commissioned managers who voluntarily contribute, the employer may also contribute up to 6 percent of the monthly wage to his/her pension fund account.
The employer of an worker who voluntarily contributes to his/her pension fund account in accordance with Paragraph 3 of Article 14 of this Act shall notify the Bureau of Labor Insurance, deduct the necessary sum from the wage and then combined with the employer's share of contributions to the Bureau of Labor Insurance and arrange for the ending of voluntary contribution.
The status of voluntary contributions may cease should the owner of the pension account neglect to contribute on a regular basis.
Payment statements of labor pension funds are prepared on a monthly basis and are to be completed on the thirtieth of every month.
Payments made by the employer for each worker shall be in (yuan), rounded to the nearest jiao.
In making the pension fund payments, the employer should bring the payment statements to designated financial institutions for submission or arrange for automatic bank account transfers for payment.
In the event that an employer has not paid the amount specified on the payment statement, the Bureau of Labor Insurance shall directly distribute proportionately the amount paid by the employer among each worker.
If the payment sum on the pension fund payment statement does not correspond with the sum provided by the employer, the employer shall first pay for the amount that appears on the statement and then notify the Bureau of of Labor Insurance of the need for adjustment. Following inspection and clarification by the Bureau, the adjustment will be made during the next payment period.
If an employer has not received the labor pension fund payment statements distributed by the Bureau of Labor Insurance by the fifteenth day of the month, the Bureau shall be notified to resend replacement statements.
In the event that a business entity ceases operation, dissolves, declares bankruptcy or no longer remains in business and no longer employs workers, calculations of its outstanding pension fund payments and additional fines for late payment shall commence from the confirmed date of the occurrence of the above-mentioned events. If this date is indeterminable, the date given by the Bureau of Labor Insurance shall be used.
For employers who notify and apply with the Bureau of Labor Insurance for ceasing the contributions to pension funds in accordance with Article 18 and Paragraph 1 of Article 20 of this Act, the portion of voluntary contributions shall also cease.
Employers shall inform their workers of their monthly payments to pension funds by listing payments on their salary statements or in other written form. Those who contribute voluntarily shall also be informed of their payment sums with a receipt at the end of the year.
Documents related to the pension mechanism selected by the workers as mentioned in Article 8, Paragraph 1 and 2 of Article 9, or Paragraph 1 of Article 35 and the list of workers maintained by employers in accordance with Paragraph 2 of Article 21 of this Act shall both be kept by the employer or business entity for five years following workers' departures.
The "annuity life chart", "average life expectancy", "interest rate" and "amount calculations" shall be defined by the Bureau of Labor Insurance and following approval and promulgation by the central competent authority be subject to review on a triennial basis.
The dividend accrued from the use of workers’ pension funds as stipulated in Paragraph 2 of Article 32 of this Act shall not be lower than the dividends paid for a two-year fixed term deposit, and the average annual interest rate for the time period between the starting date of contribution until the legal date of pension collection shall not be lower than the average rate of interest paid for a two-year fixed term deposit at a local bank for an equivalent length of time.
The ‘interest paid for a two-year fixed term deposit from a local bank’ mentioned in the preceding paragraph refers to the calculated annual average interest rate derived from the fixed interest rates on two-year deposits posted at the beginning of each month by the six major banks: the Bank of Taiwan Co., Ltd., First Commercial Bank of Taiwan Co., Ltd., Taiwan Cooperative Bank Co., Ltd., Hua Nan Bank Co., Ltd., Land Bank of Taiwan Co., Ltd., and Chang Hua Bank Co., Ltd..
The Labor Pension Fund Supervisory Committee (hereafter referred to as the “Supervisory Committee” shall announce on a monthly basis, the current month’s lowest guaranteed rate.
For workers applying to receive monthly pension payments, in the event that the sum of a monthly contribution to their individual accounts just misses the designated date of deposit, it shall be counted as having contributed for the time being. For those who fail to contribute into their individual pension account, the difference shall be subtracted from their monthly pension payment.
For those who are receiving their pension payment in one lump sum payment, the payment shall be the sum of the principal of their pension fund for the month in which the fund is disbursed. As for subsequent pension contributions, the Bureau of Labor Insurance shall disburse to the worker without further notification.
If there is any unallocated dividend (i.e., the total accrued dividend excluding the dividend already allocated to the individual labor pension account) when a worker claims for the pension payment, the unallocated part shall be calculated based on the return rate for the most recent month announced by the Labor Pension Fund Supervisory Committee during the month the application was filed. The pension shall be calculated up to the month when the application was filed.
The return rate described in the preceding paragraph shall be calculated to the fourth decimal place.
In calculating seniority based on the number of years for which contributions to a pension fund were actually made as defined by Paragraph 2 of Article 24, time periods shorter than one year shall be calculated by accounting for the months in which actual contributions were made.
The seniority of those workers participating in annuity insurance pursuant to this Act that have already transferred the total sum of the preparatory fund for value of insurance into their personal pension accounts, shall be calculated jointly.
For workers who have resumed work after receiving pension funds, the subsequent seniority count shall be reset and employers shall continue to contribute to the workers’ original pension account as stipulated in the Act.
The number of times in which workers can receive pension payments or related dividends as described in the preceding paragraph shall be limited to once a year.
Workers applying to receive payment of pension in accordance with Paragraph 1 of Article 28 shall complete an application for collection of pension.
Survivor(s) or designated person(s) applying to claim a deceased worker’s pension as pursuant to Article 28 of the Act shall complete the Application to Claim Worker’s Pension Payment by Survivor(s) or the Application to Claim Worker’s Pension Payment by Designated Person(s), as well as the following documents for submission:
- Household registration booklets of the deceased worker at the time of death, clinical record of death, state prosecutor’s autopsy report or death certificate.
- For applicants who are not registered under the same household as the deceased worker, copies of the national identification and relevant household registration records.
- The person(s) listed as designated person(s) by the written will of a deceased worker shall submit a copy of their national identification cards and a copy of the deceased worker’s will.
If more than one individual claim for pension payments, the procedures stipulated in Paragraph 2 of Article 27 shall apply. If the written will of the deceased specifies that the pension is divisible, the beneficiaries may make the necessary arrangements after the pension payment is paid out.
In the event that a worker, survivor of a deceased worker or designated person reside abroad or cannot return to claim for pension payment may claim through power of attorney at the ROC embassies, consulates, representative offices abroad, or other agencies authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter as “overseas missions” ) of the Republic of China, or present personal identification documents from the country of residence to arrange for payments.
The power of attorney instrument and the personal identification documents mentioned in the preceding paragraph should include a Chinese translation to be authenticated by overseas missions of the Republic of China. Translations that are not authenticated shall be notarized by a court or notary public of the R.O.C.
The persons claiming for pension payments referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article who are residents of Mainland China and cannot claim for their pension payments in person may do so through power of attorney, which should include personal identification documents. The instrument of the power of attorney and personal identification documents shall be notarized on the mainland and confirmed by an institution approved by the R.O.C. government.
The monthly pension payments stipulated in Paragraph 2 of Article 28 shall be disbursed on a fixed seasonal basis. The date of dispersion are set as the following:
- Monthly pension payments due in January through March shall be disbursed before the end of February.
- Monthly pension payments due in April through June shall be disbursed before the thirty-first of May.
- Monthly pension payments due in July through September shall be disbursed before the thirty-first of August.
- Monthly pension payments due in October through December shall be disbursed before the thirtieth of November.
For those who are entitled to receive their first monthly pension payment following approval by the Labor Insurance Bureau, payments shall commence on the first month following receipt of their applications.
Pension payments that are to be distributed as stipulated in Paragraph 2 of Article 28 of this Act shall be transferred into personal bank accounts set-up in the name of workers or their survivors or designated persons. In the event that the personal bank accounts are based overseas, any additional handling fees are borne by the beneficiaries.
Workers deemed to be ineligible to receive pension payments by the Labor Insurance Bureau have thirty days upon receipt of notice to return the entirety of the pension payments they have received. If the pension payments are not returned on time, an additional late fee penalty must be charged.
The “Other Income” mentioned in Paragraph 4 of Article 32 of the Act refers to any of the following sources of income:
- Principal and accrued dividends from the individual pension account of a deceased worker who has no surviving family or designated beneficiaries.
- Remainder of a deceased worker’s individual pension account that has not been claimed within the five year application period by surviving family members or designated beneficiaries.
Chapter Four Supervision and Fees
The Labor Insurance Bureau in implementing Article 5 and Article 34 of the Act shall comply with final account book keeping requirements, submit a final accounting report, and shall also submit to the Supervisory Committee on a monthly basis the following documents:
- Statistical records showing the total sum of payment units, the total number of payees, and total sum of wage payments.
- Statistical record of disbursed pension payments.
- Statistical record of acquired pension account payments.
- Other documents which are to be reviewed by the central competent authorities.
The following are to be exempted from taxation pursuant to Article 44 of the Act:
- Account book receipts used during arrangements for worker retirement pensions are exempted from stamp taxes.
- Payment fees, late fees, fines and all other penalty-related proceeds, miscellaneous proceeds and dividends earmarked for pension funds are exempted from operations and income taxes.
Chapter Five Supplementary Provisions
The ‘specified time limit’ for contribution and correction stipulated in Paragraph 3 of Article 49 and Article 19 of the Act shall not exceed a period of thirty days. In the event of a major natural disaster or unavoidable delay, the business entity may be granted an extension of sixty days.
Employers who violate the stipulations of Paragraph 1 of Article 19 of the Act, upon the first day following the expiration of the time limit stipulated in Paragraph 3 of the same Article, shall pay the late fee as pursuant to Paragraph 1 of Article 53 of the Act.
The monthly late fee referred to in Paragraph 1 of Article 53 of the Act shall be assessed on the thirtieth of every month.
Labor Controversy from contract termination or vocational injury, when a lawsuit appeals from pension or separation fee; laborer can apply complement from central competent authority.
Aforementioned legal aid businesses, central authority can entrust civil organization operate.
The Bureau of Labor Insurance shall set the formatting of the documents mentioned in these Rules.
These Rules shall be implemented on the First of July of the Ninety-Fourth Year of the Republic of China. The enforcement of amended Articles shall become effective on the day of promulgation.