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22. Q&A Regarding the Application for Parental Leave Allowances During the Trial Adoption Period for a Child Younger than 3 Years Old.

Q1: What is the “Trial Adoption Period”?
A1: Before the adoption is approved by the court, the potential adopter may be granted a period to live with the child before a final decision is made by the court. This period is referred to as the “Trial Adoption Period”. When the adoption is eventually approved by the court, the effective date of the adoption relationship may be trace back to the date when the trial adoption (if applicable) began.

Q2: I wish to adopt a child who is younger than three years old. May I apply for a Parental Leave Allowances during the Trial Adoption Period?
A2: Yes. According to article 19-2 of the amended Employment Insurance Act announced on February 4, 2015 and implemented on March 20, 2015, the adopter is entitled to apply for Parental Leave Allowances during the Trial Adoption Period if the applicant has enrolled in the employment insurance for one year or more at the time of taking the parental leave and the application was submitted before the child attains the age of three. However, the allowance requires that the Trial Adoption be conducted after the implementation of the amended provision and in accordance with the relevant rules stipulated in the Family Proceedings Act and the Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act.

Q3: I am contemplating adopting a child who is younger than three years old. How should I apply for a Parental Leave Allowances during the Trial Adoption Period?
A3: To apply for a Parental Leave Allowances during the Trial Adoption Period, the following documents must be submitted:
1. Application form for Parental Leave Allowances and relevant receipt.
2. Certificate of Parental Leave (this requirement is waived if the Insured Unit has already affixed its official seal on the “Parental Leave Certificate” field of the application form).
3. A photocopy of the household registration of the insured and his/her child.
4. An insured person who is already living with adopted children shall provide any of the following documents:
①Trail adoption contract signed between legal adoption service provider, adopters and adoptees.
②Documentary proof of family writ petition (petition for recognition of adoption) requested from the court, supported by a proof of living with the adoptees in same residential address (e.g., household Certificate)
③Court-issued orders or official documents (e.g., notices issued by the family court) or relevant documentary proof such as certificates issued by village or borough chiefs may be provided if the children are adopted by relatives or step-parents.

Q4: Is there a list of lawful adoption service providers?
A4: Currently, there are nine lawful adoption service providers in Taiwan. Please refer to the following webpage of the Social and Family Affairs Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare (currently Chinese version only).

Q5: I have already received the Parental Leave Allowances during the Trial Adoption Period. Am I required to return the allowance if the adoption is considered unsuitable after the evaluation process, or if it is rejected by a court?
A5: If the adoption is considered unsuitable after the evaluation process or is rejected by a court due to reasons attributable to the insured, you will be required to return the Parental Leave Allowances received during the Trial Adoption Period. If the court’s rejection is not caused by reasons attributable to the insured, however, it is not necessary to return the allowances.

Q6: What are “reasons attributable to the insured”?
A6: Examples of “reasons attributable to the insured” may include any of the following: The adopter is implicated in child abuse, sexual assault, or inadequate care, or has requested that the adoptive relationship be severed. However, cases in which the adoption is discontinued because the adoption giver has changed his/her mind or because the child has been diagnosed with a disease and it is not possible to provide adequate care shall not be considered reasons attributable to the insured.

Last Update:2022-04-26
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